A review of numerical modelling of the dynamics of microstructural development in rocks and ice: Past, present and future
This review provides an overview of the emergence and current status of numerical modelling of microstructures, a powerful tool for predicting the dynamic behaviour of rocks and ice at the microscale with consequence for the evolution of these materials at a larger scale. We emphasize the general philosophy behind such numerical models and their application to important geological phenomena such as dynamic recrystallization and strain localization. We focus in particular on the dynamics that emerge when multiple processes, which may either be enhancing or competing with each other, are simultaneously active. Here, the ability to track the evolving microstructure is a particular advantage of numerical modelling. We highlight advances through time and provide glimpses into future opportunities and challenges.